Guzo Adwa: Journey to Commemorate Battle of Adwa
Honoring Guzo Adwa (Journey Adwa) voyagers’, Timret Lehiwot Ethiopia has made a welcoming program in Mekelle and Adigrat Wise Up Drop In Centers. In Support of the six journalists who have made a historical journey in Commemoration of the Battle of Adwa, Timret Lehiwot Ethiopia, Wise Up Program staffs have joined the team for a reception at Mekelle and Adigrat, 220 km and 100 km respectively away from Adwa.
On January 19th 2014 the Six Journalist Berhane Niguse, Ermias Alemu, Mohammed Kassa, Mulugeta Mergasa, Alemzewed Kasahun, and Yared Shumete had begun the 934 km historical journey at 5:30 am, commencing from the statue of Menilik II around Piazza, Addis Ababa by foot.
Timret Lehiwot Ethiopian, Wise Up Program Staff has made a warm welcoming dinner reception at the hotel’s they have stayed. During their short stay in Mekelle and Adigrat, the Adwa voyagers’ has visited the Italian Soldiers cemetery in Mekelle University, Wise Up Drop In Centers and briefed about some of it projects around the area.
The Battle of Adwa was fought on 1 March 1896 between the Ethiopian Empire and the Kingdom of Italy near the town of Adwa, Ethiopia, in Tigray. It was the climactic battle of the First Italo – Ethiopian war, securing Ethiopian sovereignty.
During the time where most of Africa had been carved up among the European powers the two independent exceptions were the young Republic of Liberia on the west coast of the continent and the Ethiopian Empire in the strategic Horn of Africa.
As the 20th century approached the relative newcomer to the Colonial scramble for Africa, Italy has invaded Ethiopia in 1895 coming from the two recently obtained African territories: Eritrea and Somaliland.
The two forces of General Oreste Baratieri of Italy and Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia’s remained in place through February 1896, with their supply situations rapidly deteriorating. Pressured by the government in Rome to act, Baratieri called a council of war on February 29th.
On the night of 29 February and the early morning of 1 March three Italian brigades advanced separately towards Adwa over narrow mountain tracks. At the End of the war by 12 Noon, March 1st more than six thousand Italian men were killed, 2,000 wounded, 2,000 made prisoners and more than 2,000 fled in the face of Ethiopian onslaught.
Adwa victory witnessed not just an Ethiopian victory; in a broad historical context, Adwa symbolizes a victory of African people, in the Continent and in the Diaspora.
At a time when African independence culminated in the freedom of South Africans from the restraints of Apartheid, and when there is a growing sense of unity among Africans and people of African descent, Adwa is observed not only as symbol of African freedom but also as an inspiration for the reemergence of African civilization.
Guzo Adwa (Journey Adwa) has took this long journey honoring the Battle of Adwa, Ethiopian’s struggle for the sovereignty of Ethiopia as well as the symbol of hope to the freedom of the rest of the Africa. Guzo Adwa voyagers’ are expected to reach Adwa on March 1st 2014.